Production System – is a special class of systems, including the workers, tools and supplies of labor and other elements necessary for the functioning of the system, during which create products or services. In a broad sense under the system (from gr. systema) means a certain set of elements forming the whole (composed of parts), having features that are absent from its constituent elements. The company is considered as a production system, since it has all the typical signs of the system. Business units (shops, sites, services, departments, etc.) in this sense act as a subsystem consisting of elements varying degrees of complexity (workers, goods and tools, etc.). Thus, in industrial production creates a hierarchy of systems connected to each other and the unity of the functioning of the enterprise.
K characteristic features of functioning of the enterprise as a production system include: 1) focus, ie, the ability to create products, provide services, 2) Polystructural, ie, the simultaneous existence the company (as a system) intertwined sub-systems (plants, plots, farms, services, departments, etc.), and 3) the complexity is due Polystructural enterprise, the presence in it as the basic elements of workers' also influence the external environment, 4) openness, manifested in close collaboration with the external environment company. For example, industries associated with it through the sale of products, relationships with co-operating other enterprises. Openness is manifested in the material, energy, communication, relations with the budget, etc. Any production system consists of at least three major components: entry the inputs at the input to the system; the production process that transforms resources into a new quality (products with new properties); result of the system – the finished product at the outlet of the system. Connection of components of the production system into a coherent whole by means of system constraints (material, informational, financial). The company is a dynamic system that has ability to evolve, to move from one qualitative state to another, while at the same time, the system thanks to its characteristics such as: efficiency (the ability to get the effect, create the necessary consumer products); reliability (stable operation of inland reserves management system, cooperation with other business systems); flexibility (the possibility of production system to adapt to changing environmental conditions); long-term (the ability of the production system for a long time to maintain effectiveness): controllability (admissibility temporal change processes functioning in the desired direction under the influence of control actions.
Manageability is provided by internal reserves, a separation system into subsystems, as well as restriction system size). The latter property system allows us to speak about the enterprise as a self-regulating system that is able to adapt to both internal and to external changes. However, self-regulation can carried out only up to certain limits. Necessary to clearly regulate the activities of the enterprise arising from its tasks, so you can identify specific organizational principles of its structure, external and internal communication, ie, that with respect to the external environment has acted as a standalone system.